Rubella (German Measles)


About Rubella (German Measles)

What is Rubella?

It is an acute viral disease that causes fever and rash, and it occurs world wide.

How is Rubella transmitted?

Rubella virus is transmitted through person-to-person contact or droplets shed from the respiratory secretions of infected persons. It can also be transmitted if a woman with rubella is infected during pregnancy, the virus can cross the placenta and infect the fetus.

Why should I take the Rubella vaccination?

There is no specific treatment for Rubella. The most important and serious consequence of Rubella is infection during early pregnancy. These consequences may include miscarriages, fetal deaths/stillbirths, and an infant may be born with birth defects such as cataracts, heart defects, and hearing impairment. The Rubella vaccination is recommended for all to prevent the disease and further transmission of the virus. All women should be immune to Rubella before planning a pregnancy in the reproductive age.

Points to Note:

Laboratory diagnostic tests are not perfect and are not 100% accurate

  • We do not have a test for every disease or virus but most of those pathogens that are of public health importance or have long term implications on your health can be tested
  • No one single test can be used with absolute certainty to diagnose a disease. Often, we depend on a combination of tests to make a diagnosis
  • Sometimes, we have to resort to trial treatment or empiric treatment if investigative tests are inconclusive. If the patient makes a therapeutic response and feels better, we have achieved our goal
  • In PUO, we are looking for treatable causes and to rule out sinister causes eg. malignancies so that we do not miss opportunities for early treatment or intervention

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